
Fundamental mathematics and physics
N.A. Gaydamakin
Measures of Similarity among Finite Sequences
This article presents a measure of similarity among finite sequences of
arbitrary nature elements. The measure uses number and quality of matches between
elements at the same positions as similarity criteria with priority to quality of the
match. Quality of the match is treated as maximization of matches between adjacent
elements. Examples of similarity measure calculations are adduced for a number
of match significance weight coefficients in madjacent
element positions (mgrams matches).
Keywords: measure of similarity, finite sequences, mgrams, variations.
A.G. Grin’
On the Moments of Symmetric Functions of Dependent Random Variables
Estimates for the moments and uniform integrability of a certain class of
functions of random variables with uniformly strong mixing is obtained in this article.
Keywords: symmetric functions of random variables, uniformly strong mixing condition,
uniform integrability.
A.V. Levichev,
A.Yu. Palyanov
U(1,1)Based Analysis in SpaceTime Bundles: The Tables
of the Infinitesimal SU(2,2)Action
Segal’s Chronometric Theory is based on the spacetime D which can
be represented by a Lie group with a causal structure determined by an invariant
Lorentzian form on the Lie algebra u(2). Similarly, the spacetime F is represented
by a Lie group with a causal structure determined by an invariant Lorentzian form on
the Lie algebra u(1, 1). The Lie groups G, GF are introduced as two representations
of SU(2, 2) which are conjugate via particular matrix W from Gl(4). Linearfractional
Gaction on D is global and conformal; it is instrumental in the analysis of spacetime
bundles which is based on the parallelizing group U(2). The latter analysis was carried
out by Paneitz and Segal in 1980s. Linearfractional GFaction on F (introduced by
Levichev in 2000s) is also conformal. Despite singularities of the latter action, the
group U(1, 1) can be chosen as the parallelizing one. In the paper we obtain tables
(similar to the ”PaneitzSegal tables”) which are necessary in order to perform the
analysis of spacetime bundles based on the parallelizing group U(1, 1).
Keywords: parallelizations of spacetime bundles, Segal’s cosmos, conformal group
SU(2, 2) actions on U(2) and on U(1, 1), DLFtheory.
O. Kosheleva, V. Kreinovich
Why Locating Local Optima Is Sometimes More Complicated Than Locating Global Ones
In most applications, practitioners are interested in locating
global optima. In such applications, local optima that result from
some optimization algorithms are an unnecessary side effect. In
other words, in such applications, locating global optima is a
much more computationally complex problem than locating local
optima. In several practical applications, however, local optima
themselves are of interest. Somewhat surprisingly, it turned out
that in many such applications, locating all local optima is a
much more computationally complex problem than locating all global
optima. In this paper, we provide a theoretical explanation for
this surprising empirical phenomenon.
Keywords:
O. Kosheleva, V. Kreinovich
BellShaped Curve for Productivity Growth: An Explanation
A recent analysis of the productivity growth data
shows, somewhat surprisingly, that the dependence of the
20century productivity growth on time can be reasonably well
described by a Gaussian formula. In this paper, we provide a
possible theoretical
explanation for this observation.
Keywords:
A.M. Pownuk, P. Barragan Olague, V. Kreinovich
Why Compaction Meter Value (CMV) Is a Good Measure of Pavement Stiffness: Towards a Possible Theoretical Explanation
To measure stiffness of the compacted pavement,
practitioners use the Compaction Meter Value (CMV); a ratio
between the amplitude for the first harmonic of the compactor's
acceleration and the amplitude corresponding to the vibration
frequency. Numerous experiments show that CMV is highly correlated
with the pavement stiffness, but as of now, there is no convincing
theoretical explanation for this correlation. In this paper, we
provide a possible theoretical explanation for the empirical
correlation. This explanation also explains why, the stiffer the
material, the more higherorder harmonics we observe.
Keywords:
V. Kreinovich
Why 3D Space? Why 10D Space? A Possible Simple Geometric Explanation
In physics, the number of observed spatial dimensions (three) is usually taken as an empirical fact,
without a deep theoretical explanation. In this paper, we provide a possible simple geometric explanation for the 3D character of the proper space. We also provide a simple geometric explanation for the number of additional spatial dimensions that some physical theories use. Specifically, it is known that for some physical quantities, the 3D space model with pointwise particles leads to meaningless infinities. To avoid these infinities, physicists have
proposed that particles are more adequately described not as 0D points, but rather as 1D strings or, more generally, as multiD ``Mbranes''. In the corresponding Mtheory, proper space is 10dimensional. We provide a possible geometric explanation for the 10D character of the corresponding space.
Keywords:
Applied Mathematics and Modeling
B.K. Nartov
Method of Return and Implementation of Dynamic Limits in the Optimal Control Problem
Presented in the paper method, designed to directionally optimize the initial
conditions in problems of dynamic systems management, — a method of return — was
originally designed to optimize the vector of initial coordinates in a particular model
of moving objects conflict whose characteristics deteriorated as a result of interaction
with the objects of the opponent and aging. The model was binding characteristics (state
vector) and coordinates (control vector) of objects by Lanchestertype differential
equations. Then the specific problems of optimal control of the movements of a group of
objects, opposing another group of objects with the specified paths in the control
interval (by the criterion of minimizing a function of the final states of objects), were
set and solved. The problem of the construction of an acceptable on time and accuracy
algorithm to optimize the initial control vector, i.e. the initial placement of the group
of managed objects, was much more complicated. The found approach has been very general
and allows us to directionally optimize the initial control vector, at least in the
class of managed smooth systems with continuously differentiable quality functional. In
the most general form the idea of the method is that for optimization, in terms of
selected quality functional, of the initial conditions of the original optimal control
problem the supporting dual problem is written and the iterative process is implemented,
which steps alternate original and dual problems, and as part of the initial conditions
of the next iteration the part of the final values of the previous iteration is using.
Keywords: dynamic systems, optimization of the initial conditions, the inverse problem,
the dynamic limits.
A.K. Guts
Quantum Approach to Description of Social Statics and Social
Dynamics of Auguste Comte
A quantum approach to description of the Auguste Comte’s ideas on social
statics and social dynamics is given. We use the apparatus of quantum cosmology,
which allows us to describe the social physics.
Keywords: Auguste Comte, social statics, social dynamics, social physics.
S.N. Chukanov,
D.B. Abramov,
S.O. Baranov,
S.V. Lejhter
Application of Diffeomorphic Transform of Curves for Solving Pattern Recognition Problems
The problem of estimating the norm of the distance between the two closed
smooth curves for pattern recognition is considered. Diffeomorphic transformations of
curves based on the model of large deformations are described. For estimating of
the norm of the distance between two closed curves the functional, corresponding
normalized distance between the two curves, and the equation of diffeomorphic
transformations evolution are formed. An algorithm for solving the equation of
diffeomorphic transformation is proposed, built on the basis of PSO which can
significantly reduce the number of computing operations compared with gradient methods
for solving. The developed algorithms can be used in bioinformatics and biometrics
systems, classification of images and objects, machine vision systems, for pattern
recognition and object tracking systems.
Keywords: pattern recognition, invariance, diffeomorphic transformation, biometrics,
PSO method.
V.A. Shovin
Structural, Entropy Modeling and Correlation Analysis of Hypertension
Estimates of the parameters of expert structural model of normal hemodynamics
was implemented by numerical methods for nonlinear optimization with conditions. Slight
increased agreement between experimental data after physiotherapy and structural model of
normal hemodynamic showed lack of physiotherapy efficiency for the normalization of blood
pressure regulation. Entropy modeling also showed no reduction in entropy of
selforganization and growth of the total entropy of the system after treatment. Detailed
analysis revealed a disorganization of correlation between the parameters of normal
functional status of the hemodynamics.
Keywords: hypertension, structural equations, entropy modeling, correlation analysis.
A.N. Mironenko
Applying the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Conjunction with Clustering Algorithm to Classify Different Subjects
Computer Science
V.A. Shovin
Chatbot Program  Chatbot or Virtual Companion
The program of the virtual person or chatbot based on an external API,
algorithm of search of responses in the knowledge base of expanded markup AIML,
as well as the recurrent neural network are developed. The algorithm allows us to find
answers to relevant questions from the knowledge base. The procedure of relevant
responses sorting includes regular expression search, search by category, search by
history and search for the best match of words in questions. The recurrent neural
network is defined on the set of words of Q & A knowledge base.
Keywords: chatbot, virtual companion, AIML, recurrent neural network.
S.V. Guss
Private Wireless Mesh Networks
This paper is about private wireless mesh networks. There are definitions
and comments for main features of ad hoc networks, survey of public mesh networks
and proprietary technologies, routing, modeling and prototyping.
Keywords: mesh networks, ad hoc networks, 802.11s, WMN.
T.A. Pogromskaya
Development in OmSU of the New Information System for Admission to University
The article describes the experience of the development and transition
to a new information system for reception of entrants to higher education in Omsk
State University n.a. F.M. Dostoevskiy. The system is based on the same program,
introduced in four Russian universities, it uses old data structure and logic, but has
a new web interface.
Keywords: information system, development, reception of entrants, applicant, web
interface.
S.V. Belim,
I.B. Larionov,
Y.S. Rakitskiy
The Development of Electronic Educational Environment of High School
The article presents one of the possible approaches of formation of electronic
educational environment. The problems of educational resources, as well as
operational information about the learning process, are considered. Special attention is
paid to issues of access control and authentication when requesting access to resources.
Keywords: elearning environment, education, educational process, teaching materials,
library, electronic educational resources.
I.A. Balezin,
D.N. Lavrov,
M.A. Harlamova
The Architecture of the Mobile Client for iOS to Access WebDictionary of Folk Speech of the Middle Irtysh
The architecture is presented and the mobile clientserver application is
developed for access from iPhone to the dictionary of the constants of folk speech of the
Middle Irtysh area with the necessary set of options.
Keywords: application architecture, iOS, mobile app, dictionary of folk speech.
Information Security
I.D. Siganov
Zero Knowledge Proof Authentication on Web Applications
In the article we overview how to implement zero knowledge proof authentication
protocol in the web. The proposed system consists of two parts: a server side
and Android application. Despite the classical passwordbased approach, users have to
install special application and use it as authentication manager. We use QRcodes
to send necessary data from the server to the application, so login experience is
just scanning this code. Finally, because of zero knowledge proof features the system
is resistant to interception, secretcracking and fishing, so supposed even to use on
insecure public devices.
Keywords: zero knowledge proof, Web authentication, passwordless.
The article deals with objectoriented HarrisonRuzzoUllman access control
model and subjectobject model with mandatory access control. It is shown
that the BellLaPadula model and classic mandatory model can be implemented with
objectoriented HRU model.
Keywords: access control, discretionary security models, mandatory security models, HRU, BellLaPadula model.